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Review ArticleMedical ProgressFree Preview


List of authors.
  • Leslie T. Cooper, Jr., M.D.

The prognosis and treatment of myocarditis vary according to the cause, and clinical and hemodynamic data usually offer guidance on when to refer a patient to a specialist for endomyocardial biopsy. The aim of this review is to provide a practical and current approach to the evaluation and treatment of suspected myocarditis.

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Funding and Disclosures

Dr. Cooper reports receiving consulting fees from Acambis, Asahi Kasei Kuraray Medical, and Crucell and serving as a board member and president of the Myocarditis Foundation. No other potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.

Author Affiliations

From the Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN.

Address reprint requests to Dr. Cooper at the Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, 200 First St. SW, Rochester, MN 55905, or at .

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